India’s Amul milk brand is the world’s largest milk cooperative company in the world.
In 1946, the Amul Cooperative was created as a reaction to the exploitation of local milk producers by the dealers and the agents of the main dairy of that time, the Polson dairy. The government had given monopolistic rights to Polson to collect milk from Kaira dairy farmers and supply it to the city of Mumbai.
Cooperatives were created for every town, allowing for milk collection to be decentralized, as most of the makers were minor farmers.
Today, Amul Cooperatives are federated at a regional and national level.
Overall, India has a long-standing cooperative movement, which focuses on benefiting all communities involved in its production.
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