Among the world’s major metropolises, Paris has the dubious distinction of having long ignored environmental issues. Since the beginning of the 21st century, the city has gradually engaged in urban ecological transition, a transition that has greatly accelerated in the last mayoral mandate, which started in 2014 and was renewed in 2020. What is more, Paris has been able, in recent times, to articulate this new ecological ambition with a concern for social justice. The establishment of a low-emission zone in Paris, enlarged in Summer 2019, has been accompanied by a complete ban on diesel and gasoline vehicles in 2030, a measure without an equivalent in France. Previous measures have greatly regulated car traffic with convincing results: air quality in Paris has been improving by 30 percentage points in less than a decade (in 2019, 70 percent of days were considered to be of good or very good air quality). The development of cycle paths and practices (practices accelerated by the operations
transportation strike in winter 2019-2020 and the COVID-19 crisis that followed)
provides health benefits for both users and pedestrians. It has been accompanied
by public financial support: Paris has created a set of around thirty financial aids
intended for individuals and businesses willing to switch from vehicles running on
fossil fuels to electric vehicles.
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